There are increasingly more recovery centers that are employing medically-assisted protocols for addicted individuals. This, coupled with a holistic approach to treating addiction, has proven quite effective for those recovering from drug abuse. As stated above, there are three drugs currently approved for addiction treatment. They include:
Methadone is one of the most well-known and highly-regulated medications used during treatment for opioid addiction since it’s a full agonist. This means the drug combines with receptors in the brain and nervous system to produce the desired effect of lessening painful symptoms of opioid withdrawal. It also blocks the euphoric effects of an opiate drug. When Methadone is administered correctly, the patient feels normal and does not physically crave opiates or cause the person to be lethargic. It’s given once a day via a liquid solution.
FDA approved Suboxone is a partial agonist, meaning it doesn’t fully bind to opiate receptors. The combination of buprenorphine and naloxone is effective for treating opioid withdrawal since it alleviates the physical symptoms, thus decreasing opioid cravings. If the person attempts to use the opioids while taking Suboxone, they will experience adverse effects; this is because naloxone counteracts the effects that opioids have on the brain.
The injectable medication is an antagonist designed to curb cravings for an extended period. It;s administered once a month during a medication-assisted treatment program. It helps stave off opioid cravings, eliminates physical symptoms of withdrawal, and prevents overdosing. The person taking the drug needs to abstain from any opiate for fourteen days before the first injection.