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Information on Trauma
Relationships and PTSD
Individuals with PTSD may have difficulty maintaining close relationships with their family and friends. Their symptoms can cause issues with trust, communication, problem-solving, and closeness, which impacts how they interact with people. Changes in communication can strain relationships because a loved one may take offense if they don’t understand PTSD.
Development: Environmental and genetic factors play a role in a person’s critical development stages, which can heighten addiction risk. Even though taking drugs at any age can result in addiction, a person who uses them from a young age is more likely to become dependent. Early drug exposure can negatively impact teens because the areas in their brains that control judgment, decision-making, and self-control are still developing.
Several types of psychotherapy can help children and adults cope with their condition. Different types include:
- Exposure therapy: This behavioral therapy helps an individual face painful memories and situations so that they can learn to cope effectively. Exposure therapy is particularly helpful for treating nightmares and flashbacks.
- Cognitive therapy: This type of treatment helps a person recognize the cognitive patterns that keep them stuck, which include negative beliefs about themselves and the risk of traumatic events occurring again. For PTSD treatment, therapists typically use cognitive therapy in conjunction with exposure therapy.
- Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR): EMDR combines exposure therapy with a series of guided eye movements that can help a person process their traumatic memories and change their response to them.
A therapist can help individuals with PTSD develop stress management skills to help them better handle upsetting situations. They can select from individual therapy, group therapy, or a combination of both. Some people check into a dual diagnosis treatment center that can help them treat their mental health disorders as well as any substance abuse issues.
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